For 36 years this city was known by the name of Stalingrad. 200 days have made it famous all over the world. Its name is Stalingrad.
Today, on February 2, we remember the heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad. 75 years have passed. 75 years ago, Soviet soldiers and officers won a long-awaited victory in the greatest battle that affected the further course of the Great Patriotic War.
The Sakhalin Regional Museum collections contain documents, photographs and items that belonged to three Sakhalin residents direct participants in those events.
Mansur Rakhipovich Khasanshin (19231975) veteran of the Great Patriotic War, Hero of the Soviet Union. Was born in Rostov-on-Don. Joined the Red Army in 1941. Graduated from the Smolensk Artillery School in 1942. In the army since November 1942. Guards Lieutenant, commander of 120-mm mortars of the 9th Guards Mechanized Brigade of the 3rd Guards Mechanized Corps of the 47th Army of the Voronezh Front. Fought in the front lines in the Western, South-Western, Stalingrad, Voronezh, 1-st Ukrainian, 3-rd Belorussian and 1-st Baltic fronts. Participated in the battles at Stalingrad, on the Kursk Bulge, Left Bank Ukraine, in the Baltics.
He distinguished himself in autumn 1943 when troops were crossing the Dnieper River and securing a bridgehead near the village of Selishche (Cherkasy region). His courage and bravery inspired people for a heroic feat. Troops commanded by Guards Lieutenant Hassanshin, destroyed more than two platoons of enemy infantry.
On June 3, 1944, the Guards Senior Lieutenant Mansur Rahipovich Hassanshin was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
Awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Patriotic War II degree, the Order of the Red Star (twice); Gold Star medal and several others.
In 1945 he graduated from the Higher Officer Artillery School. Participant of the Victory Parade in Moscow.
A resident of the city of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk since 1960. He worked as a Foreman of the Metalwork Section of the Pilot Experimental Mechanical Plant of the Sakhalinrybprom Trust, a Freight Forwarder of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Repair and Construction Facilities No 1, an Engineer in the Mechanical Equipment Service of Dalenergostroy Company.
Mikhail Petrovich Kokhan (19231990) - a veteran of the Great Patriotic War. Was born in the village of Tyryshkino, Kolyvan District, Novosibirsk Region.
In 1932, with his parents, he arrived on Sakhalin Island in the city of Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky.
Went to the Front in 1941. Fought at Stalingrad, in the front lines in the Southern, Steppe Voronezh, 1-st Ukrainian, 3-rd Belorussian, 1-st Baltic, 2-nd Baltic and Leningrad fronts. During the war he got a concussion and was wounded six times. He retired from the Soviet Army in 1946 in the rank of Senior Lieutenant in the post of Chief of Staff of Artillery Battalion.
Awarded the Order of Alexander Nevsky, the Order of the Patriotic War I and II degree, the Order of the Red Star, the Medal «For Courage», the Medal «For the Defense of Stalingrad», the Medal «For Victory Over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 19411945», the Medal "For victory Over Japan " and jubilee medals.
From 1946 to 1947 he worked as an Assistant to the Director of the Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky Seaport Building. From 1948 to 1952 he studied by correspondence in Khabarovsk Law School.
October 3, 1947 he started to work in the public prosecution bodies as a peoples investigator in Uglegorsk Prosecutors Office. Then, for a year, he worked as an Assistant to Uglegorsk Prosecutor, and from 1952 to 1953 an Assistant to Aleksandrovsk-Sakhaliny Procurator.
A resident of the city of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk since 1953. He worked in the Prosecutors Office of the Sakhalin Region as Prosecutor of the General Supervision Department, as an Assistant to the Prosecutor in charge of control over the enforcement and systematization of legislation, and as a Prosecutor of the Department for Supervision over the Enforcement of Judgements in Criminal Matters.
Received many Special Achievements Awards from the Procurator General of the USSR, the Procurator of the RSFSR, the Procurator of the Sakhalin Region.
Nikolai Pavlovich Dolgushin (1924-?) a veteran of the Great Patriotic War. A participant in the battles at Stalingrad, Prokhorovka, Ukraine, Moldova and Europe.
He was born in the village of Nizhnyaya Vyazovka, Buzuluk district, Orenburg region. He graduated from the 6th form of schoolþ
Joined the Red Army August 18, 1942. Took the oath of enlistment in September 1942. From August 1942 to December 1943 he served as a soldier, telephone operator of the 806th Cannon Artillery Regiment. From December 1943 to February 1946 senior telephone operator of the 233rd Artillery Regiment of the 95 Guards Poltava, the Order of Lenin, the Red Banner, Suvorov II degree and B. Khmelnitsky Rifle Division.
He was awarded the Order of the Red Star, the Order of the Patriotic War II degree, the Medal «For Courage», the Medal «For the Defense of Stalingrad», the Medal «For the Liberation of Prague», the Medal «For Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 19411945», jubilee medals and breastplates «Veteran of the 5th Guards Army», «Veteran 226/95 Poltava Rifle Division.»
Worked in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk as the shunter of the Construction Department of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Thermal Power Plant (TPP).
We thank the deceased and the living for courage and resilience, for the perseverance and love for life. We thank YOU! We will remember ……